Osteoporosis affects millions of people around the world, and it is not possible to change some of the primary risk factors, such as aging. However, more and more environmental risk factors are coming to light, and air pollution appears to be one of them.
Ligamentum teres (LT) tear is a recognized cause of hip pain. Debridement of tears and capsule plication has shown satisfactory results. However, a group of patients with complete tears do not improve after debridement and physiotherapy. The purpose of this work was to describe the senior author’s technique and clinical results for the early series of LT reconstructions.
The surgery can effectively provide pain relief and restore function, but the timeliness of the procedure is critical: Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who keep putting off surgery may end up with so much joint degeneration that they do not experience significant improvement when they finally undergo TKA, while those who have the procedure prematurely may see only minimal benefit.
Chondromalacia patellae is a term used to describe the damage or softening of the cartilage on the underside of the kneecap. It is similar to patellofemoral pain syndrome (runner's knee) in which the pain is felt under and around the kneecap. This condition is common among young athletics but may also occur in older adults who have arthritis of the knee.
Hip bursitis is a common problem that causes pain over the outside of the upper thigh and hip joint. A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that allows smooth motion between two surfaces.